There is evidence to support that certain aspects of your personality are genetically determined, while other aspects are a result of the way you were reared, your experiences, and your environment. There are many tools that can be used to analyze personality, yours as well as the personality of others, and having done so, you may be able to better understand why you do or don't get along well with your co-workers, your subordinates, even your boss!
One tool that has been found to be very helpful, and is in use in many companies today, is the Myers Briggs Type Indicator. The Myers Briggs Type Indicator is based on the theories of Carl Gustavjung, who was a student of Sigmund Freud. Jung theorized that you are born with preferences for certain behaviors, and that although you can make choices to behave in different ways, your preferences remain constant over time. The Myers Briggs Type Indicator (also known as the MBTI) was developed by Katherine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers to measure the preferences that Jung said all people are born with. The MBTI is a personality inventory. It is also called an instrument (in that it is an instrument to measure personality characteristics). It
is not a test. It is a questionnaire, which consists of 126 questions, to which there are no right or wrong responses. Your honest answers to questions about your preferences in certain situations will identify your personality preferences. Understanding those preferences will help you understand how your personality impacts your behavior, your decision-making, your information processing, and your life style. Additionally, when you learn what the results mean for you, you can't help but learn about what they mean for other people, and in particular, learn more about your opposite types. Generally speaking, it will be your opposite types with whom you will have the biggest challenges, and these people may be important to your business!
Personality also plays an extremely large part in an individual's ability to be successful on a team. While each of you has within you the capacity to act in any manner you choose, you have preferences for certain kinds of behavior, and these preferences may or may not be those that facilitate teamwork. The reality is that people are different from each other, and those differences are fundamental. They are not the result of conscious negative intent, that is, the result of someone's deliberate choice to be difficult. They are simple differences of behavior preference, genetically coded into you, that make you the wonderful unique people you are.
According to Jung, everyone is born with a preference for certain kinds of behavior. Your preference is called your TYPE. It consists of two functions (data gathering and decision making) and two attitudes (energy orientation and function orientation). Everyone uses both data gathering and decision-making functions (sensing, intuition, thinking, feeling) and everyone adopts both attitudes (extraversion, introversion, judging, perceiving), but the most preferred, or favorite, is the one that shows up in your type.
To Be Continued
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