Kline drew upon the work of Eastern European educator Georgi Lozanov
for the fundamental belief that people have unlimited learning
potential and, if encouraged to believe it through suggestion and
positive reinforcement, they would indeed learn up to five time
faster than by traditional classroom methods. The three basic
techniques to accomplish this are decoding, concerts, and
activiation. First, decoding involves immersion of the learner in a
subject without expecting them to take it all in—the emphasis is
visualization and learning of the key phrases and ideas. Concerts,
the second step, use music to accelerate and deepen the
understanding of concepts in the subject to be learned. Lozanov
found, and neurological science supports, that classical music
(particularly from the baroque and romantic periods) can create
greater receptivity for information in the brain. Learning
accompanied by music improves the amount and retention of
information. Thirdly, activiation refers to the actual transfer of
information to the learner via active techiques. IL design requires
invention of group problem-solving exercises and games to teach the
information, becoming a fun, positive experience.
The Seven Intelligences [
Another foundation of IL is the theory of Seven Intelligences
developed by Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner. The theory states
that seven distinct, independent intelligences exist in each human
1. Linguistic intelligence. A sensitivity to the meaning and order
2. Logical-Mathematical intelligence. Ability in mathematics and
other complex logical systems.
3. Musical intelligence. Ability to understand and create music and
to recognize and use rythmns, melodies, or harmonies
4. Spatial intelligence. Ability to perceive the visual world
accurately and recreate or alter it in the mind or on paper.
5. Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence. Ability to use one's body in a
skilled way, for self-expression or toward a goal.
6. Interpersonal intelligence. Ability to perceive and understand
7. Intrapersonal intelligence. Understanding one's own emotions,
All people differ in their relative ability in each of the
intelligences, however strength in any one of them can lead to great
success and productivity. Everyone can learn, and contribute, if the
environment allows utilization of ALL of the seven intelligences.
One weakness of traditional training (and traditional aptitude
tests) is the focus on essentially just two of the
intelligences—Linguistic and Logical-Mathematical. IL is designed to
involve ALL seven intelligences, thus encouraging the maximum
learning to occur.
This belief is supported by Kolb's Adult Learning Style theory,
Perry's Split Brain Model and MacLean's Triune Brain Model .
Kolb's Learning Style Inventory instrument can indicate one's
preferences for learning through Concrete Experience, Reflective
Observation, Abstract Conceptualization and Active Experimentation.
One's predominant learning styles can then be identified as either
Divergence, Assimilation, Convergence or Accommodation. The
different brain models suggest that teaching methods should utilize
all parts of the brain, the creative right side and logical left
side. The bottom line is again that people learn in a variety of
different ways and require a training method that engages this
variety of learning styles. IL has been designed to do exactly that.
Adult Experiential Learning Cycle
IL is designed to close the loop of the Experiential Learning Cycle
. This method indicates that learners must actively engage in a
learning exercise, debrief the exercise by publishing what happened,
explaining why it happened that way (processing), generalizing the
key learnings, and discussing how to best apply the learning on the
The Experiential Learning Cycle and IL encourage learners to
discover concepts and relationships themselves, better internalizing
the information. Learners "learn by doing" rather than "learn by
trying to listen."
To be Continued
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