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Lozanov's Suggestopedia

Kline drew upon the work of Eastern European educator Georgi Lozanov for the fundamental belief that people have unlimited learning potential and, if encouraged to believe it through suggestion and positive reinforcement, they would indeed learn up to five time faster than by tradi­tional classroom methods. The three basic techniques to accomplish this are decoding, concerts, and activiation. First, decoding involves immersion of the learner in a subject without expecting them to take it all in—the empha­sis is visualization and learning of the key phrases and ideas. Concerts, the second step, use music to accelerate and deepen the understanding of concepts in the subject to be learned. Lozanov found, and neurological science sup­ports, that classical music (particularly from the baroque and romantic periods) can create greater receptivity for information in the brain. Learning accompanied by music improves the amount and retention of information. Thirdly, activiation refers to the actual transfer of information to the learner via active techiques. IL design requires inven­tion of group problem-solving exercises and games to teach the information, becoming a fun, positive experience.

The Seven Intelligences [

Another foundation of IL is the theory of Seven Intelli­gences developed by Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner. The theory states that seven distinct, independent intelli­gences exist in each human being.

1. Linguistic intelligence. A sensitivity to the meaning and order of words.
2. Logical-Mathematical intelligence. Ability in math­ematics and other complex logical systems.
3. Musical intelligence. Ability to understand and create music and to recognize and use rythmns, melodies, or harmonies
4. Spatial intelligence. Ability to perceive the visual world accurately and recreate or alter it in the mind or on paper.
5. Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence. Ability to use one's body in a skilled way, for self-expression or toward a goal.
6. Interpersonal intelligence. Ability to perceive and understand other individuals
7. Intrapersonal intelligence. Understanding one's own emotions, self-awareness

All people differ in their relative ability in each of the intelligences, however strength in any one of them can lead to great success and productivity. Everyone can learn, and contribute, if the environment allows utilization of ALL of the seven intelligences. One weakness of traditional training (and traditional aptitude tests) is the focus on essentially just two of the intelligences—Linguistic and Logical-Mathematical. IL is designed to involve ALL seven intelligences, thus encouraging the maximum learning to occur.

This belief is supported by Kolb's Adult Learning Style theory, Perry's Split Brain Model and MacLean's Triune Brain Model [4]. Kolb's Learning Style Inventory instru­ment can indicate one's preferences for learning through Concrete Experience, Reflective Observation, Abstract Conceptualization and Active Experimentation. One's predominant learning styles can then be identified as either Divergence, Assimilation, Convergence or Accommodation. The different brain models suggest that teaching methods should utilize all parts of the brain, the creative right side and logical left side. The bottom line is again that people learn in a variety of different ways and require a training method that engages this variety of learning styles. IL has been designed to do exactly that.

Adult Experiential Learning Cycle

IL is designed to close the loop of the Experiential Learning Cycle [3]. This method indicates that learners must actively engage in a learning exercise, debrief the exercise by publishing what happened, explaining why it happened that way (processing), generalizing the key learnings, and discussing how to best apply the learning on the job.

The Experiential Learning Cycle and IL encourage learn­ers to discover concepts and relationships themselves, better internalizing the information. Learners "learn by doing" rather than "learn by trying to listen."

To be Continued


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